To download the full Nesting Under ART paper, please click here.
ART issues credits only at the jurisdictional level, to national or large subnational governments. This is important not only for achieving results at scale, but also because acting at the jurisdictional level provides incentives to governments to improve forest governance: regulate land-use, enforce laws, promote forest incentives programs, and recognize Indigenous Peoples’ and local communities’ (IPLC) land rights.
However, a jurisdictional approach does not prohibit the government from working with a variety of stakeholders to achieve greater ambition. For REDD+ programs at the jurisdictional scale, it is anticipated and expected that the government will provide oversight and coordination, but that design and implementation will be done in concert with a variety of partners, including regional and local governments, Indigenous Peoples, local communities and the private sector.
While ART does not directly credit project-level activities, they can be implemented under a jurisdictional REDD+ program through a variety of scenarios. ART fully recognizes the important role that projects can play in implementing a jurisdictional REDD+ Strategy. For example, project-level activities can target deforestation hot-spots and efficiently allocate the capital and human resources necessary to address immediate threats in high-risk areas.
Incorporation of project-level activities in a jurisdictional framework is broadly referred to as “nesting.” While this term is used in many different ways, under ART, nesting is the integration of the design and implementation of REDD+ activities at multiple scales within a jurisdiction to align the accounting of smaller-scale activities with jurisdictional systems and with national reporting.
TREES includes robust environmental and social safeguards; however, ART does not prescribe the way that governments work with Indigenous Peoples, local communities or the private sector. Rather, TREES intentionally offers flexibility to accommodate any number of approaches for nesting project-level activities or allocating benefits that best suit specific jurisdictional circumstances.
Any option agreed upon by the relevant parties for nesting or benefit sharing between governments and non-government entities – which could include communities, organized civil society, projects, or individual landowners – are permissible within ART. ART does not stipulate how this is done. However, it is important to note any agreement would be subject to TREES’ requirements regarding environmental and social safeguards, as well as double counting and double issuance.
For a description of options for nesting under ART and additional nesting FAQs, please download the full paper here.